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Understanding Dumpster Diving Laws

Dumpster diving, also referred to as binning or skip diving, is the process of salvaging waste in large residential, commercial, construction and industrial containers with the aim of finding valuable items that have been thrown away by their owners. It is quickly approaching mainstream in many areas across the world including what are considered to be considered to be the most affluent countries or states.

What Dumpster Diving in Law?

It refers to a legal practice that can help uncover a lot of valuable information from an adversary. There is a common belief among many people that this practice is always legal. However, this is not completely accurate because the laws are illegal in some states. One of the issues that affect the legality of this process involves trespassing laws. In the United States of America, the process is legal except in areas where it is prohibited by local regulation. When a person discards something, it is considered to be in the public domain. This is according to the California vs. Greenwood Supreme Court ruling in 1988.

Know Local Laws Before You Dumpster Dive

Since trash is not considered private in most jurisdictions, you will not be charged with theft when you dumpster dive. However, if you come from a municipality that has ordinances that prohibit this process, you may end up getting yourself on the wrong side of the law. In some states and countries across the world, the dumpster diving laws reflect a thinly disguised line of intolerance to the practice. You may end up breaking laws regarding invasion of privacy, trespassing, environmental or even theft in some cases.

Additionally, in most states, the police have “move on” powers that are usually brought to bear on dumpster divers. To be on the safe side, you should do due diligence and research the laws in your area before you go ahead to dumpster dive. It will be a good idea to call your local department to ask about the legality of diving laws.

What Would Happen If You Break Dumpster Diving Laws?

Most dumpsters are located on private premises, something that makes the chances of occasionally getting into trouble when you are dumpster diving very high. However, the law may be enforced with different degrees of rigor. There are some businesses that may lock their dumpsters to prevent you from accessing their property and vandalizing it. They might also lock out the dumpsters to limit the potential liability in case you get injured while you are on their assets. More often than not, dumpster diving is not prohibited by the law. Another principle of law that applies to collecting materials through dumpster diving is the abandonment of property.

Police Searches and Dumpster Diving

According to a private investigator in Oklahoma City, Police searches of waste that has been discarded and other similar methods are not considered to be violations. If evidence is seized in this manner, it can be used in many criminal trials. Many courts in the United States of America have affirmed this, including the Supreme Court. However, the doctrine is not well established when it comes to civil litigation. Companies that are managed by private investigators that specialize in such techniques have sprouted because of the need for safe and undetectable retrieval of documents as well as evidence that can prove useful in both civil and criminal trials.

Network With Other Dumpster Divers Can Help

When you decide to get into dumpster diving, you will meet some divers that may be friendly and helpful. If you share tips and experiences with them, you may in return be able to get some advice that will help you become better at this practice. You should also make a point of joining local clubs or online dumpster diving forums. There you can find people that can keep a look on what you want.

To be successful dumpster diver, it is imperative that you plan the process according to what you are looking for. If all you are doing is looking for unexpected treasures, you have the freedom to find them anywhere as long as you are not breaking the law. But if you are looking for a particular item, for instance, food, you should consider searching behind bakeries or grocery stores. Dumpster diving tips that you will find online can help you know the where to go in your area if you are looking for specific items.

Private Investigation

How to Hire a Private Investigator

Just like any other industry the Private Investigator industry has both brilliant and bad apples.  Private investigators have to gain the trust of clients with hard work and integrity.  However when you are desperate how do you determine whether the investigator that you choose will be one of the good ones?

These tips will help you navigate through the sales speak and find a private investigator that works for you.  None of this is set in stone but it may help you find the right person for the job, here are some tips on how to hire a private investigator.  Here is a video showing you what to expect.

  1. If a private investigator is going to be a crucial part of your case then look at this the same way you would when it comes to hiring an employee. Ask for references, get a nondisclosure agreement, check references and do your due diligence.  Any firm should be able to offer you a list of former clients that can share their experience.
  2. Verify any license or credentials. This is the same as checking references, anyone can claim to be an investigator but it doesn’t mean that they are.  In some states like California you can check and see if there were any complaints filed along with the licensing information.
  3. Ask for professional background information, many investigators come from law enforcement and this can work in your favor.
  4. Dig deep. Ask for information about the private investigator’s background. A PI with a significant law enforcement background can benefit you and your case in many ways.
  5. Be wary of the sales pitch. Private investigators cannot in most cases provide definitive results, this isn’t like buying a shirt where you exchange money for something tangible.  Investigations generally take time and patience.  If they dangle promises of guaranteed results in front of you, you need to keep looking.
  6. Trust yourself and your instincts. If this doesn’t feel like the right person to handle your case then look for the person who is.
  7. Verify that your investigator is insured and ask to see a copy of a current policy, check the limits and will the policy cover everything involved in your investigation.
  8. Understand that there are limits to what a private investigator is capable of doing. If your investigation will expand can this particular investigator handle any additional tasks?

Hiring an investigator can feel a bit surreal, but you still need to get the right person for the job.  Don’t hesitate to ask questions and do a little digging to get the right person.

Private Investigation

The Real World Of a Private Investigator

Everybody has watched a movie or TV show based around the work of a private investigator.  Sadly because of this the life and career of a private investigator has become larger than life and incredibly misunderstood.  The public thinks the job is exciting and dangerous, or all you do is look for cheating spouses throughout your day.  There is a grain of truth amid all the fiction but it is not quite what television would have you believe.

The Real World Of a Private Investigator

Private investigators come from all walks of life and differing backgrounds.  You will find many who come from the military or were once police officers, some come from the insurance industry or collections.  The skills learned in these industries lend themselves well to the field of private investigation.  One of the most important skills a private investigator needs is the willingness to deal with confrontation, being open and assertive definitely helps.  Private investigators also need to have patience and be able to observe the situation around them.  The deal with cases that cover everything from criminal cases to insurance fraud, corporate intelligence is also a big part of their skill set.  It really isn’t about shoot outs and car chases.

Private Investigation Takes Patience

A private investigator will spent most of their time on surveillance and out in the field.  The job means spending a lot of time behind a desk doing research or hours following someone for their clients.  It is not the glamorous job that television would make it seem.  However the job is not without its dangers often you are forced to confront a criminal from time to time.  That being said it is rare for a private investigator to be hurt or injured on the job.

Internal Investigations

When a private investigator works with a corporate client there are generally two types of investigations, internal and external.  Internal investigations typically involve investigations within the business.  A private investigator will investigate things like employee theft, background checks and credit checks.  A computer is one of their most used tools, there are many databases across the internet they can check to find information for their clients.

External Investigations

Private investigators are also used by corporations to investigate business associates and potential business deals, they do hours of background research and interviews on behalf of their clients.  If there is potential for legal action they will take photos and videos for use as evidence in the future.  If an important and profitable deal is on the line a private investigator can help you learn exactly who you are doing business with.

Your business can find a need for a good investigator, you need background and reference checks for your employees.  Potential business deals that need to be thoroughly vetted can be done by your investigator.  If you think about it you can find many uses for an investigator in your organization.